Science News

Researchers Identify Epigenetic Roots of Insulin Resistance

Author:  Aiman Faruqi

Researchers at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Broad Institute at Harvard have identified previously unknown epigenetic pathways that may contribute to the development of insulin resistance. The team, whose paper was published in Nature Cell Biology in January, hopes its discovery may reveal the root causes of type-2 diabetes, a disease that afflicts nearly 30 million Americans.

Vif and APOBEC3: The Battle of Defense Proteins in HIV-1 Replication

Author:  Ria Foye-Edwards

There are many diseases characterized by a high level of communicability and a diverse array of symptoms. One such disease, HIV-1, can sicken some infected individuals rather quickly, but in other infected individuals, the symptoms can occur much later. Of  the two types of HIV, HIV-1 and HIV-2, HIV-1 is the  most common strain and, like HIV-2, is easily transmitted through blood, sexual contact and from mother to child during childbirth. The varying onset of HIV-1 symptoms in patients has puzzled doctors for decades. Researchers at the University of Minnesota might have an explanation for the genetic variation responsible for differences in the onset of HIV-1 symptoms.

Ditching the Indeterminate Cat: Griffith Scientists Suggest Testability of their Many Interacting Worlds Theory

Author: Belinda Ongaro

It may be a bit mind-bending to consider the possibility of parallel worlds interacting, let alone existing, but a recent theory proposed by Griffith University researchers suggests that there may be more to their model than science fiction. Professor Howard Wiseman and researcher Michael Hall, PhD, from Griffith University, along with Dirk-Andre Deckert, PhD, of the University of California, recently reported that their radical “Many Interacting-Worlds”(MIW) theory is not only plausible, but also potentially testable.