Hermit crab populations are limited by shell availability; therefore fights to gain a suitable shell are frequent. Although a large amount of research has studied hermit crab aggressive behavior, few have correlated this behavior with location. This study was carried out to investigate the influence of wave exposure on the behavior of the common hermit crab Pagarus bernhardus. Crabs from two sites on Isle of Cumbrae, with differing levels of wave exposure, were tested for their aggressive behavior in laboratory trails.
Due to the fear of Islam post 9/11, Muslim women, in particular, have been dehumanized and portrayed in the media as haunting and as a result have experienced symptoms of PTSD. This article seeks to explain the cause of such public disdain for Muslim women. This case study examines an MSNBC, CNN, and FOX news story in which Muslim women travelled to the amusement park “Rye Playland” in Rye, New York to celebrate a religious holiday but were banned from the rides when administrators cited the Islamic headgear to be a choking hazard.